© Bloomberg. This overview shows the Johan Sverdrup oil field in the North Sea west of Stavanger, Norway, on January 7, 2020. Photographer: Carina Johansen/AFP/Getty Images
(Bloomberg) — Norwegians own more electric cars per capita than anyone else on the planet. But their obsession with Teslas has done little to persuade the nation that there’s a future without oil.
According to a weekend poll, 55% of voters in western Europe’s biggest oil producer want exploration to continue. The results come as Norway prepares for general elections next month, with oil policy once again set to be high on the agenda.
Norway Parties Brace for Oil Showdown as UN Report Fuels Debate
The conservative government says Norway should explore for oil as long as it’s profitable. That’s as the world digests the latest findings of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which show that the planet is heating up much faster than feared, and that a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is the only way to avoid a climate catastrophe.
Norway, the richest nation in Scandinavia thanks to its oil wealth, acknowledges that the IPCC report “confirms the severity of climate change,” and the country has made some investments in renewable energy in an effort to cut emissions. But the current government insists drilling for oil will still be needed. Higher carbon prices might mean that such exploration will be unprofitable sooner than previously expected, Prime Minister Erna Solberg has said.
Most polls indicate that Solberg’s conservative coalition won’t be re-elected, after eight years in office. But with the majority of voters pro-oil, a more left-leaning, climate friendly opposition will face hurdles if it tries to scale back Norway’s most important industry.
The Labor Party, which looks set to lead Norway’s next government, has argued that reducing demand for fossil fuels will be the main lever for cutting production, and points to an expected decline in oil exports as proof that Norway needs to change its strategy.
More left-leaning parties that might form part of a Labor-led coalition have been more explicit in their desire to abandon fossil fuels.
Last week’s report from the world’s top climate scientists sounded “the death knell for fossil fuels,” Lars Haltbrekken, a member of parliament for the Socialist Left Party, said not long after the IPCC published its assessment. Radical change in national oil policy is a “realistic” prospect, he said.
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